Task Forces

23.12.2017.

The EU and the Western Balkans after the Berlin Process

Florent Marciacq

 

The EU and the Western Balkans after the Berlin Process

 

Reflecting on the EU Enlargement in Times of Uncertainty



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Florent Marciacq

 

 

The European Union and the Western Balkans after the Berlin Process

 

Reflecting on the EU Enlargement in Times of Uncertainty

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sarajevo 2017


 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Contents

 

 

 

 

 

 

Preface

4

1

Introduction

5

2

Assessing the Berlin Process

7

 

2.1

What’s New in the Berlin Process?

7

 

2.2

Who’s Steering and Monitoring the Berlin Process?

8

 

2.3

What are the Achievements of the Berlin Process?

9

 

 

2.3.1 Perceptions of Success and Failure

9

 

 

2.3.2 Transport and Energy Connectivity

10

 

 

2.3.3 People-to-People Connectivity

12

 

3

What now? Reflecting on the EU’s Post-Berlin Enlargement Policy Challenges

14

 

3.1

Resisting the Siren Call to Return to the “Business as Usual” Approach

14

 

 

3.1.1

A Return to “Business as Usual” Would Hardly Be Justifiable

14

 

 

3.1.2

A Return to “Business as Usual” Would at Best Be Illusory

16

 

3.2

Building on the Berlin Process to Initiate a Dialectical Shift

 

 

 

in the EU’s Approach to Enlargement

17

 

 

3.2.1

Solidarity Rather than Competition:

 

 

 

 

Regionalizing the EU’s Enlargement Approach

17

 

 

3.2.2

Membership is No Prerequisite for Participation:

 

 

 

 

Bringing Accession Closer in Time

19

 

 

3.2.3

A Political Battle Rather than a Technical Process:

 

 

 

 

Fighting for Enlargement

20

4

Conclusion

23